Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

Characters – Event 3

Benjamin Franklin was a great force in the history of the United States. He was a writer, printer, inventor, and diplomat. Ha was the only person to sign four historic documents. They are the Declaration of Independence, the Treaty of Alliance with France, the Treaty of Peace with Britain, and the Constitution of the United States.

United States was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1706. he learned printing as a boy. He taught himself mathematics, science, and five foreign languages. He settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He worked for several printers. Then he bought his own print-shop. He wrote and published a newspaper called the “Pennsylvania Gazette”. He became well-known as the paper became successful. Franklin had even more success with a publication called “Poor Richard's Almanac”. It was famous for wise saying that people still use today, for example:

" early to bed and early to rise

Makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. "

In 1730 he married Deborah Reed. They had 3 children. Benjamin Franklin wanted to improve life in Philadelphia. He served as its post-master. He helped establish the first library and organize a fire department. He started a program to light city streets, gathered money to open a city hospital, and helped establish the city's first university. Benjamin Franklin was also a scientist. His experiments proved that lightning is electricity. He invited the lighting rod to protect buildings from lighting damage. He invented a stove that heated a room more affectively than other stoves. He also invented bifocal eye-glasses that permit two kinds of lenses to be set in a single frame. Benjamin Franklin helped establish the government of the United States by helping to writr Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. Later, he served as a diplomat to France.

He died in 1790 at the age of 84. but he continues to have an effect on the United States today. When he died, he left 5000 dollars each to the cities of Boston and Philadelphia. Part of the money was to be used for public works after 100 years and the rest after 200 years.

 

Vocabulary:

Lighting rod: lightning rod

Bi-focal eye-glasses: bifocal glasses

 

Translation:

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

Benjamin Franklin was a major influence in American history. He was a writer, printer, inventor and diplomat. He is the only person to sign four historic documents. These are the Declaration of Independence, the Treaty of Alliance with France, the Treaty of Peace with Britain and the Constitution of the United States.

Mr. Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1706. He studied printing as a child. He taught himself math, science and 5 foreign languages. Benjamin Franklin left Boston when he was 17 years old. he settled in philadelphia, pennsyvania. He worked for many printers. then he bought himself a printing house. He wrote articles and published a newspaper called “Peesylvania Gazette”. He became famous when the newspaper was successful. Mr. Franklin had even more success with a publication called "The Almanac of Poor Richard." This publication is famous for its wise sayings that are still used today, such as:

"Go to bed early and get up early

Make people healthy, rich and wise."

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In 1730, he laughed at Deborah Reed. They have three children. Mr. Benjamin Franklin wants to make life better for the people of Philadelphia. He was the postmaster there. He helped the city to establish its first library and organize a fire department for the city. He initiated a program of street lighting, raised money to open a city hospital and helped establish the city's first university. Mr. Benjamin Franklin is also a scientist. His experiments proved that lightning is electricity. he invented the lightning rod to protect buildings from damage caused by lightning. He invented a heater that could heat a room more efficiently than other heaters. He also invented bifocals that allowed two types of lenses to fit in one frame. Mr. Benjamin Franklin helped establish government in the United States by helping to draft the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. Later, he was a diplomat in France.

He died in 1790, at the age of 84. but today, he continues to have influence over the United States. When he died, he bequeathed to two cities Boston and Philadelphia, each city $ 5000. Part of this money is used for public works after 100 years and the rest after 200 years.

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