THE RED CROSS ORGANIZATION

THE RED CROSS ORGANIZATION

Health – Education 5

At any point of time there is a need for humanitarian aid in sime place in the world. The need could resuld from war, severe weather or natural disasters, such as storms, floods or earthquakes. For example, the recent conflicts in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovia have created an urgent need for humanitarian assistance.

In most major international crisis, om organization usually is present. It is the Red Cross. The main goal of the Red Cross is to prevent and ease human suffering. In most countries, the organization has an international sign. It is a cross of red. In Muslim countries it is the sign of a res crescent, a half shaped moon. Iran and Israel use other signs.

However, each Red Cross and Red Crescent Society has the same goals. The international Red Cross operates in war areas. The national societies generally work in areas that suffer natural disasters. The international Red Cross was established by a Swiss businessman named Jean Henri Dunant. He had visitedItaly in 1859. at that time several Italian city states were fighting for independence from Austria. Mr Dunant observed one of the bloodiest of the war/ the terrible things Mr. Dunant saw at that time gave him the idea for forming an organization to ease the suffering of all people in any war. It would take no sides in any conflict. In 1864 the International Red cross held its first convention in Geneva, Switzerland.

Today, Swiss citizens form the international committee of the red cross. It remains neutral in all the conflicts. It protects victims of war under the rules of the Geneva Conventions. The conventions are a series of treaties that provide for the medical treatment of sick or wounded soldiers and civilians during war time. The treaties were signed in Geneva, Switzerland, between 1864 and 1949.

Almost every nation in the world has signed the Geneva convention and has a national red cross or red crescent organization. The groups are completely independent from any government. Finance support comes from private citizens and businesses. The league of red cross and red crescent societies. It is mainly responsible for health and aid projects.

Today, it is helping organize aid efforts for thousands of refugees who hled Rwanda to escape the country's civil war. An American Red Cross spokesman says that her organization so has received medical supplies and several million dollars to ease the suffering among Rwanda refugees.

As usual, it was provided as private gifts so the Red Cross can continue its efforts to help those in need.

 

Vocabulary
1 need: need, necessity

2 humanitarian aid: humanitarian aid

3 to result from: is result, free consequence

4 severe weather: severe weather

5 natural disaster: natural disaster

6 storm : storm

7 flood: flood

8 earthquake: earthquake, seismic

9 conflict: dispute, conflict

10 to create an urgent need: create an urgent need

11 international crisis: international crisis

11 main goal: main goal

13 to prevent and ease

14 international sign: international sign

15 cross of red: red cross

16 muslim/Moslem country: islamic country

17 red crescent: red crescent

18 to operate in war areas: operate in war zones

19 suffer natural disasters: suffer natural disasters, suffer natural disasters

20 to fight for independence: fight for independence

21 the bloodiest battle: the bloodiest battle

22 terrible things: terrible things

23 Geneva conventions: Geneva conventions

24 a series of treaties: a series of treaties

25 to be responsible for: to be responsible for

26 to flee, to flee to: to escape, to flee to

27 to escape the country's civil war: escape the country's civil war.

 

Translation

RED CROSS ORGANIZATION

At any given moment there is a need for humanitarian assistance at some point in the world. This need can be the result of war, extreme weather or natural disasters such as storms, floods or earthquakes. such as the recent conflicts in Rwanda and Bosnia-Hezegovina have created an urgent need for humanitarian aid..
There is one organization that is regularly present during most major economic crises, and that is the Red Cross. The main goal of the Red Cross is to prevent and alleviate human suffering. In most countries, this organization has an international sign, which is a red cross. In Muslim countries, this sign is a red crescent, a crescent-shaped moon, while Iran and Israel use other signs.

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However, each of the Red Cross and Red Crescent organizations has common goals. The International Red Cross operates in war zones. National organizations often operate in areas affected by natural disasters. The International Red Cross was founded by a Swiss businessman named Jean Henri Dunant. He visited Italy in 1859. At that time, several Italian city governments were fighting for independence from the hands of the Austrians. Mr. Dunant witnessed one of the bloodiest battles. The horrors Mr. Dunant witnessed at that time prompted him to the idea of ​​forming an organization that would alleviate the suffering of all in any war. The organization does not take sides in any conflict. In 1864, the International Red Cross held its first conference in Geveva, Switzerland.

Today the Swiss form the international commission of the Red Cross. This committee stands in the middle of all conflicts and protects the victims of war in accordance with the laws of the Geneva Conventions. The Convention is a series of treaties intended to provide medical treatment to soldiers and civilians who are sick or injured in times of war. These treaties were signed in Geneva, Switzerland between 1864 and 1949.

Almost every country is a signatory to the Geneva convention and has a red cross or red crescent organization. These organizations are completely independent of any government. Financial funding is supported by private individuals and businesses. The Alliance of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies helps organize international efforts within its member organisations. This alliance is mainly responsible for health and aid projects.

Currently, the alliance is helping to organize relief efforts for thousands of refugees who have fled Rwanda to avoid civil wars in the country. A spokeswoman has so far received medical supplies and several million dollars to ease the suffering of Rwandan refugees. As usual, supplies, in the form of individual gifts, were sent so that the Red Cross could continue its efforts to help these refugees.

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