+ Damages /'dӕmidӡ/, /de-mids/: Damage, loss, compensation tiền Amount claimed by a party or ordered by a court to compensate for injury or loss
• Agravated Damages: Compensation decided by the court to compensate the plaintiff (the petitioner) suffering from wrongdoing.
• General Damages: Compensation for non-quantifiable loss such as causing pain, suffering, loss of function.
• Nominal Damages: Minimum Compensation, Symbolic Compensation.
Minimum compensation for minor injury or small loss.
• Non-Pecuniary Damages: Compensation for injury
Compensation for loss cannot be quantified in money, for example, compensation for pain physical and mental.
• Pecuniary damages: Material compensation
Compensation can be determined in monetary terms such as medical bills for the treatment of injuries.
• Punitive damages: Compensation for punitive purposes
Compensation for damages is decided by the court to punish acts of hateful, willful misconduct harm.
• Special damages: Special damages
Compensation for economic losses such as loss of income, property damage and medical expenses.
De Novo (Hearing): The trial was retried
+ Debtor /'detə/, /debtor/: Debtor, debtor
• Declaration: Judgment of the court
A part of a judgment, or court decision that states the rights and obligations of the parties in a case lawsuit or court opinion on a matter of law.
+ Defense /di'fens/: Defense, justification
Denied the charges, pleaded not guilty.
Defense Counsel: Lawyers defend in court
+ Defendant /di'fendənt/, /di-fend-dan/: Defendant (person being sued), accused, defendant
The person being sued in a civil action or the defendant in a criminal case.
+ Dependent /di'pendənt/, /di-pendnt/: Dependent
Persons living on benefits, for example elderly parents who receive benefits from their adult children.
+ Deponent /di'pounənt/, /di-pounn/:
The person who witnesses after being sworn in, the person who writes the affidavit under oath.
+ Deposition /,depə'ziʃn/, /de-pô-zí-pân/: Sworn testimony session
• Direct Evidence: Direct evidence
Provided by the witness in the testimony. A witness is someone who has seen, heard, or contact with the suspect.
• Direct Examination: Interrogation
Witness interrogation caused by plaintiff's request for witness to court
+ Discharge /dis'tʃa:dӡ/: acquittal, exoneration
Offenders will not have a criminal record and will be subject to other punishments instead of imprisonment (for criminal law the).
• Absolute discharge: A complete, unconditional discharge
Despite being accused of a crime, the defendant has not been convicted and will not have a criminal record a year.
• Conditional Discharge: Conditional Discharge
If the defendant meets the specific conditions set forth by the court, there will be no conviction and no have a criminal record after 3 years from the date of the exoneration order.
+ Disclosure /dis'klouӡə/, /dis-klougi/:
Disclosure of documents and information during the trial.
+ Discovery /dis'kᴧvəri/, /dis-kấvəri/:
Mandatory disclosure of documents and information required for litigation.
+ Dismissal /dis'misəl/, /dis-mís-so/: Rejection
The court's decision to end the case or criminal charge.
+ Disposition /,dispə'ziʃn/, /dis-pô-zí-court/: Judgment
The court's final decision on a criminal case or charge.
+ Diversion /dai'və:ʃn/, /belt-socks-pitch/:
Refers to reducing the severity of the case in some specific cases. Accused not go to court but be punished, in the case of juvenile delinquency.
• Division of Property:
Division of assets and financial responsibilities (money owed) upon separation, divorce or death.
+ Divorce /di'vɔ:s/, /di-vós/: Divorce
Legal termination of marriage by court order under the laws of a country.
+ Docket /'dɔkit/, /đok-kit/: Trial records, lawsuit files
(1) Judgment notebook.
(2) Record the time the attorney resolves the client's case.
• Domestic Violence: Domestic Violence
Any abusive, violent, coercive or threatening words or actions by a person towards another person in the family. Violence against an intimate partner is also considered domestic abuse.
+ Duress /djuə'res/, /dieu-rés/: Coercion, coercion
Situation when a person performs or is prevented from performing an action under threat by violence, or pressure from another person.
• Duty Counsel: Appointed Attorney
Lawyers work for the government, providing legal assistance to people who go to court without a lawyer representation, often involving family law and criminal law matters.